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Archive for November, 2013

American plants, Middle Eastern names

November 30, 2013 Leave a comment

New world crops and animals associated with Ottoman Empire. Turkey is one candidate, corn has strong evidence. Sugar plantations originally in the Mediterranean. In Turkey, Turkey is referred to as Indian bird, probably from reference to West Indies, belief that it was Asia.

Maize associated with Ottoman empire, word for corn in Italian is Gran Turko (Turkish Grain), Turkish word for corn is Misr, 16th century Maize introduced to  Middle East.

Signs of globalizing trade. Took only a couple of decades for Turkeys to make their way back to Europe. It is said Spanish took Arabic translators to the new world expecting to meet others (Muslims) and the first words uttered by Europeans in the new world may have been Assalamu alaykom. New world crops drive population boom. Potatoes only later in 19th century become popular. Tomato and Chocolate unknown relatively in 18th century. Tobacco 16th century takes off as cash crop in 16th century. Pumpkin also new-world product.

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Some updates

November 16, 2013 Leave a comment
 A solid book on late state development highlights the impressive growth record of the SYrian state in the 70s.  David Waldner, State Building and Late Development. He highlights that Syrian GDP grows at 5.7% between 1960-1970 and 9% between 1970-1979.  It’s amazing that this is in line for its times though. A great performance especially coming in the 70s.
 
On FInancialization: Beverly Silver mentions that there are two waves of financialization, under reagan to suck up capital, and in 1994 under larry summers in repsonse to international competition. THe first created international globalization, the second was a response to the impact of the first wave.
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